Startup R&D tax credits changed dramatically starting the tax year 2016. Traditionally, these tax credits were calculated and saved up against a Corporation’s annual tax forms. For startups that aren’t yet profitable, that meant that they would only benefit from these tax credits once they became profitable in future years.
The PATH (Protecting Americans from Tax Hikes) Act of 2015 has changed all of that. Regulators acknowledged that the old R&D tax credits weren’t appetizing to founders if it only promised a potential future benefit that may never be realized. And so the R&D tax credit has been revised to give more instant gratification: R&D tax credits generated in 2016 can be used to offset payroll taxes come mid-2017.
In prior years I’ve sometimes told my clients that the cost of performing an R&D tax credit study would outweigh the benefit. Now that you can claim these credits almost immediately and against your payroll taxes, I highly recommend that every eligible startup engage in an R&D Tax Credit payroll offset.
***IT SAVES YOU DIRECT $$$ NOW!!!***
Up to $250,000 per year for up to 5 years!
Unfortunately, not every company is eligible. You must be creating something new, and by new I mean pass the IRS’ 4 Part Test. Your R&D must be:
First file the R&D tax credit on Form 6765 (Credit for Increasing Research Activities) which is a part of your 2016 annual corporate form 1120 (US Corporation Income Tax Return). Then claim your R&D tax credit on payroll tax form 941 (Employer’s Quarterly Federal Tax Return); you’ll need to work with your payroll processor to make this happen. We love working with Gusto, but just about every major payroll processor should be able to help.
In early 2017, after you’ve closed out your 2016 books. Work with your CPA on an R&D tax credit study: once you’ve determined what your tax credit will be, add it to your 2016 annual corporate form 1120 and file the return. In the quarter following your 1120 filing, you can start applying those tax credits to your payroll taxes. For example, if you file your Form 1120 by March 15th, the first payroll tax offset you would receive is for Q2 2017.
~10% of eligible R&D costs, up to $250,000 per year, for 5 years.
Caveat: this article is intended as general guidance for startups and it doesn’t substitute the need to work with a professional. It’s also a high level overview and is in no way complete. Your company is unique; talk to your CPA.