Startup Venture Capital Assistance

Experienced Finance and Accounting for Startups

Our clients have raised over $15 billion in venture and seed financing, and our team knows how to navigate the VC diligence process.

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Scott Orn and Healy Jones, Kruze Consulting
KRUZE VP of Financial Strategy

The accounting and finance team for funded startups

Companies raising venture capital require professional books and specialized financial advice. Because Kruze Consulting only works with funded startups, we know what numbers and advice you and your investors need.

Startups with VC funding need processes and systems to regularly report on the company’s financial position. Kruze produces Monthly Financials, Burn Rate Analysis, Cash Runway Analysis, Budget to Actuals and Variance Reports that are perfect for venture capital partners and board meetings. Startup founders who have raised venture capital must have the strategic financial skills to carefully manage burn, growth, headcount and more. And founders need to be ready to raise the next round of capital when the time comes.

Kruze Consulting’s clients have raised over half a billion dollars in venture capital funding in the past 12 months alone, so we know what it takes to be ready for the next round. From the first day of our White Glove Onboarding Experience, we work to deliver accurate financial statements and to begin creating a due diligence folder where, together, we can retain important information that you’ll need during the next venture capital round’s due diligence. Startups should have rock solid financials and their diligence materials prepped before a VC meeting ever occurs. Fundraising moves incredibly fast and if you appear unprepared to the VC partner, it will affect your valuation and total capital raised. Work with Kruze, be prepared. Read our downloadable VC due diligence checklist here!

Ready to work with the startup venture capital experts at Kruze?

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Get outsourced Finance as a Service (FaaS) expertise for your VC-backed company

To get the professional bookkeeping and accounting services you need to effectively fundraise, you can rely on Finance as a Service (FaaS) from Kruze Consulting. Our FaaS programs provide you with an integrated financial team that can help your startup report on your company’s financial position and communicate that information to your investors. We have the experience your company needs to produce accurate financial statements and guide you through the due diligence process. Fundraising is a complex process and Kruze can help you be prepared!

How to finance your company

Oftentimes, startup founders think of venture capital as the first way to finance their companies. VC funding is indeed a great way to finance your company; however, other financing options are available. Also, as your business grows, your financing needs will change. Let’s explore other ways to finance your startup besides venture capital.

Top Ways to Finance Your Early-Stage Company

  • Bootstrapping
    • This is where you invest your own savings into the company
  • Bank Loans
    • 2 Different Types of Bank Loans:
      • If you have not raised VC money, your bank loan will require a personal guarantee.
      • If you have raised VC money, you can raise Venture Debt with no personal guarantee.
  • Other Debt Options
    • More Aggressive Debt: From places like Shopify Capital, Stripe Capital, Fundbox
    • Independent Fund or business development company lenders
    • Revenue Based Financing: For some revenue generating startups
    • Venture Debt may also possible from non-banks, if your startups has raised money from professional VCs
  • VC Investment Instruments
Top Ways to Finance Your Early-Stage Company

Free resources to support your VC fundraise

Our clients have raised billions in VC funding. We’ve published several free resources that might help you in your funding journey. 

Startup Pitch Deck Course

Our free Startup Pitch Deck Course contains over 8.5 hours, covering ever single slide in a deck - taught by 2 experts in venture funding, Haje Kamps, the TechCrunch writer who does the weekly pitch deck teardown series, and Healy Jones, a former VC and one of our VPs. There are 2 pitch deck templates (one B2B and one B2C) that you are free to use, plus study guides and more. Visit it here.

Top 10 Decks

We also review some of the best decks that have been successfully used to raise funding, from Uber to Y-Combinator’s suggested deck. Visit our Top Pitch Deck page.

Financial Model Templates

Of course, we love financial projections. Projections are an important part of your pitch, and you can grab our free, downloadable financial models here.

Funding stages 101 for VC-backed companies

Not every company follows these stages exactly - in fact, many skip the rounds before the Series A. But here are the most common stages of venture capital financed startup companies.

Typical Size
Typical Security Type
Friends & Family / Angel $100k - $1M SAFE or Convertible Note
Pre-Seed $100k - $1M SAFE or Convertible Note
Seed $1M - $10M SAFE or Convertible Note, sometimes Preferred Stock
Seed Extension $500k - $5M SAFE or Convertible Note
Series A $10M - $30M Preferred Stock
Series B $25M - $75M Preferred Stock
Series C $50M - $150M Preferred Stock
Later Stage Private Rounds $100M+ Preferred Stock​
IPO $200M+ Common Stock

The data is compiled from Crunchbase, and has been updated based on what Kruze is seeing our clients raise. Kruze’s clients raise billions in funding every year, so we get to work with a lot of founders as they raise capital! 

Again, not every company will need pre-seed funding or do a seed extension. But if you are on the VC-backed company progression, you will most likely have a Series A.

What are Convertible Notes?

Convertible notes often referred to as “converts,” are one of the most important securities used to fund early-stage startups.

While their popularity has declined some since the introduction of SAFEs, they continue to be one of the most common types of investments raised by seed-stage companies and are often used during Series A, Series B, etc. extension rounds.

Learn more about convertible notes or convertible debt.

What are SAFE Notes?

SAFE notes, or a simple agreement for future equity is really just a simplified version of convertible notes. 

  • Simple, Easy & Fast fundraising document for Angel & Seed Stage
  • Safe notes are more founder-friendly than convertible debt
    • No Interest Rate
    • No Maturity Date
  • Safe Notes convert at a future valuation - “The Cap”
  • Safe Notes are technically Equity 
    • However: some Safe Notes have a clause where those investors are paid back before other investors and founders - that kind of makes it debt
  • Uncapped Round: When Safe Note’s have no valuation and  investors convert at The Cap in the next round (not advisable) 
  • Be Careful: Stacking Safe Notes can surprise founders by the amount of dilution they pile up

What is Preferred Stock?

Preferred stock or preferred equity is a share class. Venture capitalists like to invest in preferred stock because it comes with many attractive rights and privileges vs. common stock. And those benefits make them willing to pay up and pay a higher valuation for the preferred stock. Kruze’s client raise a LOT of preferred stock - learn how to account for preferred stock here

Benefits of Preferred Stock

  • Liquidation preference - these days, it’s typically 1X. (they get their money back before Common Stock participates)
  • Ability to block a big decision just by voting as a share class. 
  • Redemption rights 7 to 10 years out
  • Accruing Dividends (Cumulative & Non-Cumulative)
    • Non-Cumulative is more friendly to founders and employees

Preferred Stock vs. Common Stock

  • Venture Capitalists don’t invest in common stock; they invest in preferred stock.
  • Common stock is typically owned by employees and the founders
  • The Founders shares and Employee stock are usually in common stock
  • In the beginning, the Par Value of Common Stock is very low
  • Common stock will always be at a discount compared to preferred stock 

What is Common Stock?

Common stock is typically the share class that the founders and employees have in a startup. When the company gets incorporated, the first share class that’s issued is common. Typically, the founders get a significant percentage and carve out a stock option pool which the employees get. They also determine the par value or the price it is worth on paper. This is usually like 1/100th of a share. Common stock is worthless at first because you haven’t built anything yet. However, that is the perfect time for founders to buy their shares and for early-stage employees to exercise their shares.Common stock goes on your balance sheet and in your equity session. Common stock is always cheaper than preferred stock. It’s what the founders get, it’s what the employees get, and it’s what stock options come in. So it is an excellent way for people to have ownership in the startup. Learn how to set up an employee stock option plan here

Common Stock Simplified:

  • First stock issued when a company incorporates
  • Share class that the Founders and Employees share in the startup
  • The Par Value of Common Stock is super low to start 
  • When you exercise your options, don’t forget to file an 83B and check with the CPA about personal tax filing
  • Preferred Stock is what Venture Capitalists ask for when they invest
    • Preferred stock has a liquidation preference
  • Stock options are granted in common stock - we have free resources on how to model a stock option pool
  • 409A valuation is required to validate the price of common stock 
  • As a company gets closer to a significant acquisition or IPO, the cost of common & preferred get closer

What Is The Benefit of Having A Branded VC Lead Your Funding Round?

Having a well-known VC firm lead your funding round offers a lot of advantages. Top VC firms have extensive contacts throughout the venture capital ecosystem, and they’re able to encourage other firms to join in your round. Top VC firms typically can write larger checks, and they are invaluable sources of operational information for startups, since they have been through this process repeatedly.


Venture Capital Bridge Loans

Not every startup has a perfect, straight up and to the right growth curve. In fact, your startup may have some bumps along the way - and if those bumps align when it’s time to raise your next round, you may need to take on what is called a “bridge loan.” 

This type of “loan” typically comes from a startups’ existing venture capital investors. So this sort of financing is only available to VC-backed companies that already have deep-pocketed VC investors. 

Financing of this sort for a venture capital backed company will either be a convertible note or a SAFE note. Convertible notes and SAFE notes will have an equity conversion feature, so are not a “priced” round - instead, there will be some terms that favor the VCs who provide the bridge. Usually this will be in the form of a conversion cap. Remember, this is a financing for a company that is in trouble - so the terms are not going to be that great for the startup or the founders. Read more about bridge loans here.

What is a cram down round when financing a startup?

Cram down rounds essentially “compress” all the ownership positions of previous investors, founders, angels, and other owners of a startup. In a down round, startups offer additional shares at a lower price than the shares had sold for in a previous financing round. A cram down round is a down round in which the new financing terms may severely dilute the ownership positions of any investors that don’t participate in the cram down round.

Cram downs are a painful part of many downrounds. There is a clear increase in downrounds post-2021 bubble bursting, and many founders are facing difficult decisions on how to raise capital at a lower valuation. We’ve published our “Guide to Downrounds” - check it out to get tactical advice on what to watch out for when bringing on capital at a lower valuation. 

Why do venture capital general partners invest in other VC funds?

General partners (GPs) are the people who run venture capital funds, and limited partners (LPs) are the investors who provide the funds for startup investments. And yes, GPs do invest in other venture capital funds. They have detailed knowledge of the VC landscape and are able to evaluate other opportunities. They also have often worked with other VC firms in the past and know that they can work well together. Finally, venture capital investing has the potential to generate high returns.

What is a 2 and 20 venture capital fee structure in startup funding?

Two and twenty is the standard fee structure that venture capital firms charge their investors. The “two” stands for the 2% management fee that’s applied against the fund’s value each year, generally for the first five years. That covers salaries, administration, and other costs to run the fund. The “twenty” applies to the percentage of profit sharing, called the “carry,” for the fund. Once the fund distributes capital back to all the investors, the fund keeps 20% of the profit earned by the fund. The remaining 80% is distributed to the investors.

What’s behind increased requests of financial statements?

Currently (in July 2022) we are seening a large increase in requests for startup financials from venture capitalists. VCs are looking both at historical information and future projections. While this has always been part of the due diligence process, as the funding market has gotten tighter venture capital firms are digging more deeply to determine how capital was spent, and how startups plan to use capital in the future. Startup founders and CEOs need to make sure financials are in good shape, and be prepared to present them to VCs.

The return of structured term sheets in late stage VC

Structured term sheets included that offer preferential terms to VC investors, like superior preferences, liquidity rights, or dividend or cash payment components. In the current market (August 2022), venture capital has tightened up, and startups looking for funding may find that they need money, but the startup valuation is higher than it should be. Rather than accept a down round at a lower valuation, the startups might accept a more structured term sheet to preserve their current valuation.

VC Capital Calls

A capital call  is the process that VC funds use to request that fund investors contribute their fund commitments. The VC fund’s general partners (GPs) make a capital call when the fund needs more money to make new investments. The fund’s investors (called limited partners or LPs) have agreed to invest in the venture capital fund, and the total amount that the LP agrees to provide is called “committed capital.” Normally LPs pay only a portion of their committed capital at the beginning of the agreement, called the “initial drawdown”. The amount the LPs have provided to the fund is called “paid-in capital,” and the amount remaining is called “uncalled capital.”

Why do VC limited partners hate capital calls when the market is down?

Investors in VC funds tend to be institutional investors, like endowments, foundations, and pension funds. Normally those types of investors keep their funds in vehicles that offer a better yield than simple savings accounts, such as stocks or bonds. That means that when a VC fund issues a capital call, those investors typically have to sell other securities to meet their capital call obligation. And if the market is down, they may have to sell at a lower price than they would like.

What’s the difference between primary and secondary shares?

There are normally two types of stock at a startup: primary and secondary shares. Primary shares are purchased directly from the startup company, and the company gets the funds from the sale. Secondary shares are those held by existing shareholders, like employees, former employees, or investors. When those people sell their shares, they get the money from the stock sale, not the startup company.

What accounting metrics do VCs want to see?

Venture capitalists look for specific accounting metrics when evaluating startups. Every VC has their own, unique set of metrics that they like to see - and most industries also have industry specific metrics as well. However, here are some of the most common accounting metrics VCs will analyze.

Accounting metrics VCs like

  • Revenue - if you’ve got it!
  • Revenue growth
  • Cash, cash burn - and cash out date
  • Sales & Marketing expenses
  • R&D expenses 

Affordable Startup Bookkeeping and Accounting

Check out Kruze's affordable monthly bookkeeping options.

Basic Bookkeeping

Great for pre-revenue, seed-stage companies

Starting at $600 per month Starting at $750 per month

  • Dedicated accounting manager
  • Accrual-basis bookkeeping
  • Pre-revenue companies
  • Tax services available
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Founder Timesaver

Best for companies starting to scale

Starting at $850 per month Starting at $1,250 per month

  • Dedicated accounting manager
  • Accrual-basis bookkeeping
  • Revenue recognition support
  • Monthly call included
  • Earlier financial delivery
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Ideal for high-growth, well-funded businesses

  • Dedicated accounting manager
  • Accrual-basis bookkeeping
  • Complex revenue recognition
  • Monthly call included
  • Support for multiple entities, consolidation
  • Support for class / department tracking

Our experts can help you find the right solution for your budget and business needs.

Get in touch with us today to learn more about our monthly bookkeeping options.

About Us

A CPA Firm Specialized in Startup Accounting & Finance

A CPA Firm Specialized in Startup Accounting & Finance

Startups are our niche, and our passion. Our clients have raised over $15 billion in VC funding. We are one of only a few outsourced accounting firms that specialize in funded early-stage companies - we only offer financial and tax services to fast growing startups in the Pre-Seed, Seed, Series A, Series B and Series C stages.

The Right Accounting Partner for Your Startup’s Next Round

The Right Accounting Partner for Your Startup’s Next Round

We know how to de-risk your startup’s next venture capital round. Our team makes sure you are ready to fly through your next VC’s accounting, HR and tax due diligence. And when you use us as your bookkeeper, we set up and keep up-to-date a due diligence folder so you can get that next round of fundraising.

A Leader in Cloud Accounting Software

A Leader in Cloud Accounting Software

Our practice is built on best of breed cloud accounting software like QuickBooks, Netsuite, Gusto, Rippling, Taxbit, Avalara, Brex, Ramp and Deel. Technology makes us more efficient, saving our clients money and letting us offer higher value services like FP&A modeling, 409A valuation, and treasury advice. Startups deserve to work with CPAs using modern software.

Trusted by Top Venture Investors

Trusted by Top Venture Investors

Top angel investors and VCs refer Kruze because they trust us to give the right advice. Our clients are portfolio companies of top technology and Silicon Valley investors, including Y-Combinator, Kleiner, Sequoia, Khsola, Launch, Techstars and more. With us, your books and taxes are in order when it’s time to raise another round of venture financing.

What types of startups does Kruze Consulting usually work with?

What types of startups does Kruze Consulting usually work with?

Kruze Consulting works with funded Delaware C-Corps. Our clients have secured Pre-Seed to Series C or Series D funding. We look to partner with our clients, going beyond the typical outsourced accounting relationship and seeking to provide a higher level advisory role. We feel honored to be a part of making the world a better place, even if it’s one debit and credit at a time.

Accounting, Finance, Taxes, & Payroll all in one solution

Accounting, Finance, Taxes, & Payroll all in one solution

Startup CFO services, startup accounting and bookkeeping services, startup annual taxes, expense reports, payroll, state sales taxes: we've got you covered. Our software provides custom tailored dashboards that can be provided weekly or monthly, depending on your preference and plan. Founders are often so busy building their company that they don’t have time to take care of their finances. Traditionally, these companies have had to work with a basket of people to get their work done, including bookkeepers, accountants, AP clerks, CFOs, consultants, and tax accountants. At Kruze Consulting, our founders have one point person, saving time and money.

Client testimonials

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We're huge fans of Vanessa and the folks at Kruze Consulting. They set up our books, finances, and other operations, and are constantly organized and on top of things. As a startup, you have to focus on your product and customers, and Kruze takes care of everything else (which is a massive sigh of relief). I highly highly highly recommend working with Vanessa and her team.

Vivek Sodera

Vivek Sodera

Co-Founder @ Superhuman

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Prior to Kruze, as a remote-first team, we were weighed down by a lot of the bureaucracy involved with having a distributed workforce. Kruze has supported us above and beyond basic accounting needs by ensuring we have everything we need to expand and support our team wherever they may be located

Zack Fisch

Zack Fisch

Pequity's Head of Operations & Legal

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Avochato has been growing rapidly in the past year – in fact, too quickly for us to keep up with books, taxes, and budgeting for growth. Partnering with Kruze Consulting has been fantastic to manage, track, and analyze our finances while we continue focusing on building our customer base. Kruze’s team knows what startups need.

Alex De Simone

Alex De Simone

CEO @ Avochato

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Everybody, go to Kruze Consulting. They do a great job. I personally can tell you, they've done a great job for our companies, including I'm sure they’ll do a great job for you.

Jason Calacanis

Jason Calacanis

Angel investor


We are the experts at helping seed/VC-backed Delaware C-Corps with their accounting and finances!

Talk to an experienced accountant, not a generic sales person

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Alex Janeck
 Kruze Consulting
Edith Silva
 Kruze Consulting
Randy Hall
Viz AI

$250M+ VC Funding Raised

"I had a great experience working with Kruze Consulting when we raised Series A. They know what VCs need to see, and how to present a startup’s books and finances. If you are going to raise venture capital, you need experts like Kruze."
Chris Mansi

Chris Mansi


Startup Venture Capital Assistance

With former venture capitalists on staff, our team is here to help you navigate the fundraising process and manage your board of directors

 Kruze Consulting
Scott Orn
COO | Former VC
 Kruze Consulting
Healy Jones
VP FP&A | Former VC

Scale Remote Operations & Team

"Kruze has supported us above and beyond basic accounting needs by ensuring we have everything we need to expand and support our team wherever they may be located"
Zack Fisch

Zack Fisch

Head of Operations & Legal

Clients who have worked with Kruze have collectively raised over $15 billion in VC funding.

We set startups up for fundrising success, and know how to work with the top VCs.

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Vanessa Kruze, CPA
Founder & CEO
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Experienced team helping you

Our account management team is staffed by CPAs and accountants who have, on average, 11 years of experience.

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Bill Hollowsky, CPA
VP of Accounting Services
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Claudine Vantomme, CPA
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Morgan Avery
SUT/R&D Sr. Tax Accountant
 Kruze Consulting
Beth Bassler
Controller, CPA
Protara Therapeutics

Grew from a 2-person startup to a NASDAQ listed public company.

"The Kruze team helped us grow from a 2-person startup to a NASDAQ listed public company in 2 years. We wouldn’t have gotten public without Kruze’s support. Anyone thinking of launching a startup should make Vanessa their first call!"
Jesse Shefferman

Jesse Shefferman


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Important Tax Dates for Startups

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